Mbiri ya cryptocurrency loyamba

The buku ntchito Bitcoin: Decentralized Intaneti Monetary System ndi mlembi chachinsinsi Satoshi Nakamoto mu 2008 chinali chiyambi cha nyengo yatsopano mu dziko mudziwe. Panali crypto-ndalama – ndi decentralized digito unit wa mawerengedwe, wotuluka amene amapezeka mu unyolo wa midadada.

Bitcoin wakufikani kukhala woyamba akuyendera cryptocurrency ntchito

koma lingaliro la cryptocurrency kuyambira cha m'ma otsiriza wakucha mabwalo chatsekedwa wa cryptographers ndi ciprofancks – anthu osangalatsidwa ndi kuteteza zachinsinsi. Bitcoin amatchedwa wotsatira kachitidwe osachepera awiri cryptocurrency, zomwe sizinachitike akuyendera. The lingaliro la “anonymous anagawira pakompyuta dongosolo ndalama” B-ndalama limafotokonzera 1998 ndi mapulogalamu a Wei DAI. Mu chaka chomwecho, wasayansi m'munda wa sayansi kompyuta, cryptography ndi lamulo Nick Szabo akufuna mfundo ndi decentralized ndalama digito Bitgold ntchito Umboni wa-Work dongosolo (kusinthidwa Baibulo la Ntchito protocol Umboni wa ntchito Bitcoin).

Mbiri ya cryptocurrency loyamba

Mbiri ya cryptocurrency loyamba

Satoshi Nakamoto analemba kuti ntchito pa bitcoin inayamba mu 2007. White pepala bitcoin zinakambidwa mu mndandanda yamakalata kwa kutukula pa October 31, 2008, ndi chipika yoyamba Bitcoin, munali woyamba 50 bitcoins, anali opangidwa ndi Satoshi pa January 3, 2009, amene ankaona kubadwa kwa bitcoin. Baibulo loyamba la pulogalamu bitcoin linasindikizidwa pa January 9. Wolandira wa woyamba bitcoin-ndikupeleka, ikuchitika pa January 12, anali cipherophone Hal Finney, mlengi wa woyamba reusable Umboni wa-Work RPOW protocol. Pa ndikupeleka Satoshi anatumiza Finney 10 bitcoins kuyesa dongosolo. Finney anati iye “anamugwira choyamba mapulogalamu amasulidwe mwamsanga Satoshi analengeza izo”: “Ine ndikuganiza ine ndinali munthu woyamba pambuyo Satoshi amene anathamanga Bitcoin,” Finney analemba. Pamene mlengi wa bitcoin, konse kuwulula anamuzindikira, anapuma ku 2011, chitukuko cha Bitcoin Anapitiriza ndi mapulogalamu Gavin Andresen (mpaka 2016).

Imodzi mwa mfundo zikuluzikulu za bitcoin makamaka ndi cryptocurrency ambiri chitetezo cha nkhani zachuma

“otsalawo angathe kuona kuti munthu akutumiza kuchuluka kwa munthu wina, koma palibe mfundo kumanga ndikupeleka kwa munthu wina,” akuti woyera pepala bitcoin. Komabe, bitcoin amatchedwa yekha pang'ono anonymous, ndipo ichi ndi chifukwa peculiarities wa otchedwa “pagulu” nkhondo bitcoin: izo zimasunga mbiri ya wotuluka onse, zomwe, mbali inayi, zipangitsa chilungamo cha ntchito, koma ena, amalola kuti younikira mbiri ndikupeleka kwa adiresi makamaka, omwe angathandize ku chizindikiritso cha munthu. Anaumba CIA wothandizila Edward Snowden otchedwa ndi anatseka misewu pagulu “kulakwitsa kwambiri zazikulu zomangamanga a bitcoin” kuposa zofooka luso mu processing wa wotuluka. “Izi chabe atakwatirana ndi njira ya umalimbana yaitali malonda, chifukwa n'zosatheka kusunga mbiri ya zogula onse kuti munthu mu moyo wake, pamene ndikupereka ena kulumikiza kwa ntchito zonse anachita,” iye anati. Ndipo mu March, Snowden anamasulidwa zikalata chinsinsi cha Agency National Security (NSA), kumene ndizoonekeratu kuti bungwe wakhala kutsatira bitcoin ogwiritsa kuyambira osachepera 2013.

Panthawi 2013-2014, mphamvu ya njira bitcoin sankawabisira Kusakhazikika kwambiri. mu November 2013, mtengo wa bitcoin kwa nthawi yoyamba anagonjetsa $ 1000 pakhomo, popeza kuchuluka 5 nthawi mu mwezi ndi 17 nthawi kuchokera July 2013. Akatswiri kuitana zifukwa ziwiri kukula kumeneku zachiwawa: kasupe wa ku Kupro banki mavuto ndi kufunika kuchuluka kwa ndalama Chinese. Komabe, ndi kutha kwa 2014, bitcoin anagwa $ 310.

Komabe, zotsatira chidwi cha 2013 chidwi atolankhani dziko, amene anapereka kutsogolera kwambiri amasulidwe bitcoin ku mabwalo a geeks ndi kugawa ake misa, komanso chilengedwe cha cryptocurrencies ena.


Mbiri ya cryptocurrency loyamba

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