Mōʻaukala o ka cryptocurrency mua

ka ka paʻi o ka hana Bitcoin: Decentralized Electronic koi pohō a System ma ka pohihihi mea kākau Satoshi Nakamoto ma 2008 ia i ka hoʻomaka o ke au hou i loko o ke ao nei i ka 'ike. Aia i kekahi crypto-kālā – he decentralized kikohoʻe pa alima o ka i ka ho omaulia, hana o ka a i kākau i loko o ka kaulahao a ālai '.

Bitcoin ua maoli lilo ka mua hoʻokō cryptocurrency pāhana

akā, no ka manaʻo o ke cryptocurrency, mai ka pau ana o ka hope kenekulia oo ai ma ka paʻa koʻikoʻi a hanohano o cryptographers a me ciprofancks – kanaka hoihoi i ka maluhia pilikino. Bitcoin ua kapaia he follower o ma ka liʻiliʻi mau cryptocurrency nenoai, a i ole, ua hoʻokō. I ka manaʻo o ka “Anonymous haawi uila kālā kahua” Ua i ho'ākāka 'ia e-ke kālā i loko o 1998 ma ka mea haku polokalamu Wei DAI. I ka hookahi makahiki, ke nä känaka 'epekema ma ka mahinaʻai o ke kamepiula' epekema, cryptography a me ka kānāwai Nick Szabo kona makemake nui i ka manaʻo o ka decentralized kikohoʻe kālā Bitgold ka oiaio-o-hana kahua me ka hoʻohana ' (ka Hoʻololi 'mana o ka oiaio-o-hana-Hola Pūnaewele ua hoʻohana' ia i loko o Bitcoin).

Mōʻaukala o ka cryptocurrency mua

Mōʻaukala o ka cryptocurrency mua

Satoshi Nakamoto kākau i ka hana ma luna o bitcoin hoomaka ana ma 2007. White pepa bitcoin i hōʻike mai iā ia i loko o ka hoʻouna 'ia papa inoa no ka haku polokalamu ma luna o' Okakopa 31, 2008, a me ka mea mua hihia i loko o Bitcoin, i loaʻa i ka mua 50 bitcoins, Ua hua mai la e Satoshi ma January 3, 2009, a ua manaoia i ka lā hānau o ka bitcoin. Ka mua kēia o bitcoin lako polokalamu i paʻiʻia ma luna o Ianuali 9. I ka haumāna haʻawina kālā o ka mua bitcoin-hana, lawe mai ma luna o Ianuali 12, ua ka cipherophone Hal Finney, i ka mea nāna i hana o ka mua reusable maopopo-o-hana RPOW Hola Pūnaewele. Iloko o ka hana Satoshi hoouna Finney 10 bitcoins e hoao i ka'ōnaehana. Finney olelo mai la oia “Hopu ka mua lako polokalamu kalaʻana i ka wa i Satoshi kūkala ia”: “I manaʻo au i ka mua kanaka ma hope o Satoshi i holo Bitcoin,” Finney kakau iho la. A hiki i ka mea nāna i hana o ka bitcoin, ole ka hōʻike i kona 'ano pono'ī, hoi aku i 2011, ka hooulu ana o Bitcoin i hana mauʻia e ka programmer Gavin Andresen (a 2016).

Kekahi o na kumu nui i ka manaʻo nui o ka bitcoin i pau a me ka cryptocurrency ma mau mea i ka 'ohana ka palekana o ke kālā' ike

“Ke koena ke ike i kekahi ua hoʻouna i kekahi dala i kekahi, akā,ʻaʻole nō he 'ike i paʻa ma ka hana i ka kekahi kanaka,” wahi a keʻokeʻo pepa bitcoin. Eia naʻe, bitcoin ua kapaʻia wale hapa 'ia' Anonymous, a me keia mea aie a hiki i ke 'o ka pela-kapaia “lehulehu” kaua bitcoin: ka mea, e mālama ana i ka mōʻaukala o nā hana, a, ma ka kekahi lima, e hōʻoiaʻiʻo mäliko o ana, akā, ma luna o ka mea 'ē aʻe, E ho oku ui oe e Hoʻokolo i ka hana mōʻaukala o kekahi mau helu wahi, i hiki ke kōkua i ka 'ike o ke kanaka. Mua CIA pūnaewele Edward Snowden i kapaia o ka lehulehu blockade “he nui ko Salisbury mau kuhihewa i loko o ka kuhikuhipuʻuone o bitcoin” ma mua o ka oaoieei-hoʻokau 'i loko o ka aaioee o ka hana. “Kēia mea wale incompatible me keʻano papa hana pahuna ma lōʻihi-kau kuai ana, no ka mea, he mea hiki ole ke malama i ka mōʻaukala o nā mea a pau kūʻai lilo mai kekahi i kekahi kanaka ua i loko o kona ola, oiai haawi 'ē aʻe nānā' ana i nā hana i hana ',” I mai la ia. A ma March, Snowden nolaila ia i kuu palapala malu o ka National e malu ai 'oihana (NSA), mai i ka mea, penei i ka oihana i ka hoʻokoloʻana bitcoin mea hoʻohana hope ma ka liʻiliʻi loa 2013.

Iloko o ka manawa 2013-2014, naʻano o ka bitcoin papa i kaha maha ma ka lōʻihi instability. i November 2013, i ka uku o ka bitcoin no ka manawa mua lanakila i ka $ 1000 paepae, ua mahuahua 5 manawa i loko o ka mahina, a 17 manawa hope o lulai 2013. Poe akamai i kapa mau kumu nui no ka ulu pahū: ka waipuna Cypriot hui panakō ulia a me ke koi māhuahua mai Chinese nā kānaka hoʻopukapuka kālā. Eia naʻe, ma ka hopena o ka 2014, bitcoin haule iho la i $ 310.

Aka hoi,, ke kilakila hopena o 2013 o Laielohelohe i ka noonoo ana o ko ke ao nei Media, a haawi aku la i kekahi impetus nui i ke kala o ka bitcoin mai na koʻikoʻi a hanohano o geeks a me kona nuipa a haawi aku, like me ka hana ana o nā cryptocurrencies.


Mōʻaukala o ka cryptocurrency mua

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