Tarihi na farko cryptocurrency

A bazawa na aikin Bitcoin: Rarraba Electronic lamuni System da m marubucin Satoshi Nakamoto a 2008 alama farkon wani sabon zamanin a cikin bayanai duniya. Akwai wani Hikimar-kudin – a rarraba dijital naúrar na lissafi, ma'amaloli da wanda aka rubuta a cikin sarkar na tubalan.

Bitcoin ya gaske zama na farko ya aiwatar da cryptocurrency aikin

amma da ra'ayin cryptocurrency tun karshen karni na karshe ripened a rufaffiyar da'ira na cryptographers da ciprofancks – mutane sha'awar kare sirrinka. Bitcoin ne ake kira mai bin akalla biyu cryptocurrency tsarin, wanda ba a aiwatar da. A ra'ayin na “m rarraba lantarki kudi tsarin” b-kudi da aka bayyana a cikin 1998 da developer Wei Dai. A wannan shekarar, da masanin kimiyya a fannin kimiyyar kwamfuta, cryptography da dokar Nick Szabo samarwa manufar a rarraba dijital kudin Bitgold amfani da Hujja-na-Work tsarin (modified version na Hujja-na-Work-yarjejeniya da ake amfani a Bitcoin).

Tarihi na farko cryptocurrency

Tarihi na farko cryptocurrency

Satoshi Nakamoto ya rubuta cewa aiki a kan bitcoin ya fara a 2007. Farar takarda bitcoin da aka gabatar a cikin aikawasiku jerin domin developers a kan Oktoba 31, 2008, da farko block a Bitcoin, dauke da farko 50 Bitcoins, da aka samar da Satoshi a kan Janairu 3, 2009, wanda aka dauke da ranar haihuwa na bitcoin. A farko version of bitcoin software da aka buga a kan Janairu 9. A karɓa daga cikin na farko bitcoin-ma'amala, za'ayi a kan Janairu 12, shi ne cipherophone Hal Finney, mahaliccin farko reusable Hujja-na-Work RPOW yarjejeniya. A lokacin da ma'amala Satoshi aika Finney 10 Bitcoins don gwada tsarin. Finney ya ce ya “kama da na farko software saki zaran Satoshi ya sanar da shi”: “Ina ganin zan kasance mutum na farko bayan Satoshi suka gudu Bitcoin,” Finney rubuta. Lokacin da mahaliccin bitcoin, ba m ya ainihi, ritaya a 2011, da ci gaban Bitcoin aka ci gaba da shirye-shiryen Gavin Andresen (har 2016).

Daya daga cikin manyan ra'ayoyin da bitcoin musamman da cryptocurrency a general ne kariya daga kudi bayanai

“Sauran iya ganin cewa wani yana aika wani adadin zuwa wani, amma akwai wani bayani dauri ma'amala ga wani mutum,” ya ce farar takarda bitcoin. Duk da haka, bitcoin aka kira kawai partially m, kuma wannan shi ne saboda da peculiarities na abin da ake kira “jama'a” yaƙi bitcoin: shi tserar da tarihi na duk ma'amaloli, wanda, a hannu daya, tabbatar da nuna gaskiya da yadda ake gudanar, amma a kan sauran, ba ka damar waƙa da fatauci tarihi na wani musamman adireshin, wanda zai iya taimaka a cikin ganewa na mutum. Tsohon CIA wakili Edward Snowden kira da jama'a kawancen “mai yawa girma kuskure a cikin gine na bitcoin” fiye da da fasaha gazawar a cikin aiki da ma'amaloli. “Wannan shi ne kawai m tare da inji nufin dogon lokaci ciniki, saboda ba shi yiwuwa a adana tarihi na duk sayayya cewa wani mutum ya yi a rayuwarsa, alhãli kuwa ba wasu damar zuwa duk ayyukan yi,” ya ce. Kuma a watan Maris, Snowden saki m takardun na National Security Agency (NSA), daga wanda ya bi cewa hukumar da aka tracking bitcoin masu amfani tun a kalla 2013.

A lokacin da 2013-2014, da muhimmancin da bitcoin Hakika an alama ta matsananci rashin zaman lafiya. a watan Nuwamba, 2013, farashin bitcoin karo na farko nasara da $ 1000 bakin kofa, tun da ya karu 5 sau a cikin wata daya da kuma 17 sau tun Yuli 2013. Masana sun kira biyu manyan dalilan irin wannan fashewar girma: da spring Cypriot banki rikicin da ya karu bukatar daga kasar Sin masu zuba jari. Duk da haka, da karshen 2014, bitcoin fadi zuwa $ 310.

Duk da haka, da ban sha'awa sakamakon 2013 ja hankalin na duniya kafofin watsa labarai, wanda ya ba mai tsanani impetus a saki bitcoin daga da'irori na geeks da taro rarraba, kazalika da halittar wasu cryptocurrencies.


Tarihi na farko cryptocurrency

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