Bitcoin Hardforks dab tsi yog nws?

Yuav ua li cas yog cov diav rawg?

Lub Bitcoin network tau ploj mus los ntawm ib tug ntau ntawm tib rab diav rawg txij thaum lub advent ntawm no cryptocurrency nyob rau hauv 2008. Cov tib rab diav rawg yuav tsum tau pab developers los daws teeb meem xws li scalability, tsawg muaj peev xwm ntawm TPS (lw ib ob), tsawg thaiv loj, thiab nyob rau hauv kev los pab txhawb lub Bitcoin network overload. Nrog bitcoin yog ib tug qhib qhov software, cov neeg siv nyob rau hauv lub network yuav luam, hloov, thiab ua kom paub lawv tus kheej cov kev cai nyob rau hauv lub code. Yog li, cov neeg siv tej zaum yuav tsim tshiab twg thiab chains uas pom tias yuav tsum tau tib rab diav rawg, namely mos los yog hardforks ntawm lub network.

Softfork yog ib tug reversible hloov nyob rau hauv lub blockchain raws tu qauv uas tsis tiv thaiv kom txhob cov ntshav ntawm ib tug tshiab saw los ntawm sib txuas lus nrog cov ntshav ntawm cov laus saw. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws softfork piv txwv yog segregated Pov Thawj los yog SegWit. Network cov neeg siv tau txais no softfork nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj nyob rau hauv kev txiav txim rau optimize cov qauv ntawm cov thaiv muas li hais tias lawv yuav nyob tsawg nco qhov chaw. Lub softfork tso cai rau blocks los tuav cov lus qhia ntxiv tsis tau hloov kev ua hauj lwm ntawm lub Bitcoin network.

Hardfork yog ib tug tshiab network saw uas yog tsim nyob rau thaum cov kev cai tshiab ua incompatible nrog cov laus blockchain raws tu qauv. Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, lub pob hlav ntawm cov tshiab thiab qub tes hauj lwm yuav tsis muaj peev xwm mus “sib txuas lus,” txij li thaum hardfork implies hloov cov kev pom zoo mechanism nws tus kheej. Nrog kev pab los ntawm hardforks, network cov neeg siv sim los daws kom tau qhov tseem ceeb cov teeb meem ntawm lub Bitcoin network xws li cov uas tsis muaj network bandwidth uas tso cai rau ua mus txog xya muas ib ob thiab tsawg thaiv loj uas, raws li muaj ntau yam, yuav tsum tuav tau ntau tshaj 1 MB ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Hardforks kuj cia cov neeg siv kom tsim tshiab cryptocurrencies, raws li tus cawm rau bitcoin.

Yav tag los hardforks tau
2015-2016

Bitcoin XT yog thawj Bitcoin network hardfork, uas twb muaj nyob rau hauv lub yim hli ntuj ntawm 2015. lub hardfork, uas yog raws li nyob rau hauv lub qhov chaws ntawm Bitcoin Core, yuav tsum ua kom lub thaiv loj 8 MB, li no ua lub network bandwidth tuaj rau 24 muas ib ob, tab sis cryptocurrency tsis tau tus tsim nyog pab los ntawm cov tsuas zej zog. Yuav kom siv Bitcoin XT nws yuav tsum tau 75% ntawm tag nrho cov Bitcoin network yooj mus rau hauv lub tshiab network, tiam sis tsuas yog 12% ntawm lawv txaus siab rau hardfork. Nyob rau hauv no hais txog, ib tug ntawm lub ntsiab developers Mike Hearn muag nws cryptocurrencies thiab sab laug lub project nyob rau hauv 2016. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim, tsuas 20 ntshav raug sab laug los ntawm tus thawj 4,000 units, uas ua rau network luv ntawm lub sij hawm ntawd.

Bitcoin Unlimited hardfork twb launched los mus hloov lub block loj nyob rau hauv Tej zaum 2016, thaum yooj tau npaj siab mus xaiv qhov loj ntawm lub neej yav tom ntej network thaiv. Raws li yooj, expanding qhov luaj li cas ntawm cov nris yuav tsis tau tsuas yog tshem tawm qhov queue tab sis tseem kom lawv profitability los ntawm nce lub tag nrho commission nqi nyob rau hauv lub thaiv. Tab sis hardforks critics, feem ntau ntawm uas twb developers, sau tseg hais tias qhov no zoo yuav ua rau kom lub tau hais tias loj centralized dej ntawm yooj yuav pib muab cov network txoj kev loj hlob.

Qhov no txhais hais tias yooj uas tsis muaj kev kho vajtse tuition yuav tsis tau mus koom zoo nyob rau hauv txoj kev loj hlob ntawm lub network thiab nyob rau hauv lub ntev mus dhia yuav tau kiag li hloov txoj kev cai. Yog li, lub network yuav ua centralized nyob rau hauv ob peb lub pas dej. Kws txawj kuj pom ob peb kab nyob rau hauv lub Bitcoin Unlimited software, uas thawj nyob rau hauv lub Plaub Hlis thiab ces nyob rau hauv Tej zaum ntawm lub xyoo no coj mus rau lub poob ntawm 70% ntawm cov ntshav nyob rau hauv lub network, li undermining crypto zej zog cia siab rau rau cov tib rab diav rawg.

Bitcoin Classic project twb launched nyob rau hauv lub Bitcoin network scalability teeb meem, uas twb tsis tau daws tau los ntawm lub Bitcoin XT hardfork. Lub hom phiaj ntawm qhov kev tsim yog ua rau kom tus thaiv loj 2 MB thiab ces mus rau 4 MB. Tab sis qhov no hardfork tsis tau tus tsim nyog them nyiaj yug ntawm lub crypto zej zog. Thaum tus heev pib ntau tshaj 2,000 ntshav coj ib feem nyob rau hauv peb tes num,” tab sis tus xov tooj tshem tawm mus rau 100 los ntawm 2017. Nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis nws twb tshaj tawm hais tias lub project twb shutting cia tom qab SegWit2X tau muab tso tseg thiab developers ntawm peb tes num tau tab txhawb Bitcoin Nyiaj, tus tshiab cryptocurrency.

2017

Bitcoin Nyiaj yog tej zaum cov feem ntau nto moo thiab vam meej Bitcoin network hardfork. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim ntawm ib tug yuam hardfork raws tu qauv, Bitcoin Nyiaj nyob rau hauv lub thaiv 478,558 rau 1 Lub yim hli ntuj. Raws li ib feem ntawm cov diav rawg, lub thaiv loj zog los ntawm 1 MB rau 8 MB, thiab qhov no, nyob rau hauv lem, nce lub network muaj peev xwm thiab txo lw nqi. Tom qab hardfork, Bitcoin tuav tseg muaj vaj huam sib luag npaum li cas ntawm Bitcoin Nyiaj nyob rau hauv lawv e-hnab. Tus tshiab network tau muab ib tug mechanism uas tiv thaiv los ntawm txhawb muas nyob rau hauv ob blockchains. Niaj hnub no, 13 Hlis ntuj nqeg, lub Bitcoin Nyiaj pauv tus nqi yog $1,616.84 thiab yog tam sim no muab tso rau peb los ntawm lub cryptomarket loj.

Bitcoin Kub cryptocurrency nyob rau 24th ntawm Lub kaum hli ntuj raws li ib tug tshwm sim ntawm hardfork rau lub thaiv 491,407 nqa tawm los ntawm tsuas ruaj xob ASIC nyob rau hauv Hong Kong. Lub hom phiaj ntawm qhov kev tsim no yog los ua ib tug ntau txaus nyiam txiaj rau qhov uas tsis yog-kev yooj tshaj tus thawj bitcoin. Nyob rau hauv no hais txog, ib tug ntau dua tus naj npawb ntawm network cov neeg siv yuav kuv Bitcoin kub thiab lub cryptocurrency motto yog “ua bitcoin decentralized dua.” Es tsis txhob ntawm lub qub pov thawj-of-Work raws tu qauv hardfork initiators siv cov tshiab, Equihash. Qhov no algorithm yog rhiab rau qhov luaj li cas ntawm random nkag nco (RAM) thiab kuj yog siv thaum tsuas cryptocurrency Zcash. Niaj hnub no, 13 Hlis ntuj nqeg, Bitcoin kub pauv tus nqi yog $276.88 thiab kev ua lag luam loj yog ntau tshaj $4.5 billion.

Bitcoin pob zeb Diamond yog lub hardfork, uas tshwm sim nyob rau thaum kawg ntawm lub kaum ib hlis nyob rau hauv lub thaiv 495,866. Bitcoin Pob Zeb Diamond yooj tsim blocks rau ib tug tshiab algorithm pov thawj ntawm kev ua hauj lwm (pow). Tsis tas li ntawd, no cryptocurrency txawv los ntawm tus thawj heev ib tug los ntawm lub kaum lub sij hawm kom nyob rau hauv lub ntim ntawm emissions thiab thaiv luaj li cas ntawm 8 MB. Developers ntseeg tias qhov no hardfork yog npaj los daws kom tau tej teeb meem raws li tsis muaj kev tiv thaiv, qeeb lw kabke, thiab siab pib tshiab koom mus rau hauv lub network. Yuav kom tsim Bitcoin Pob Zeb Diamond tsuas network, e-hnab nyiaj, o code, thiab API, raws li zoo raws li mus ntxiv qhib qhov code rau GitHub yog npaj los ntawm tus kawg ntawm lub xyoo.

Super Bitcoin, ib tug tshiab cryptocurrency, nyob rau hauv 12 Hlis ntuj nqeg, raws li qhov tshwm sim ntawm cov kev faib nyob rau hauv lub Bitcoin network rau lub thaiv 498,888. Lub Super Bitcoin motto yog “ua Bitcoin zoo dua.” Nws yog noteworthy tias es tsis txhob ntawm cov tsoos ICO no platform siv ib tug tshiab txoj kev attracting kev nqis peev uas, hu ua Initial diav rawg Cov hoob qhia yog (IFO). Lub hardfork muab lub tsev nce mus txog li 8 MB. Lub network siv ib tug technology xob Network uas yuav cia txoj kev unlimited tooj ntawm micropayments. Ntxiv mus, Super Bitcoin network yog khiav ntse ntawv cog lus. developers ntawv, Txawm li cas los, uas cov diav rawg yog npaj kom paub lub crypto zej zog lub siab nyiam thiab nws yog es ib tug xyaum ua tej yam.

Yav tom ntej

Xob Laim Bitcoin - lub network division yuav txawm tshwm sim 23rd ntawm lub Kaum Ob Hlis nyob rau thaiv 499,999. Lub developers ntawm tus tshiab network xav muab qhov zoo tshaj plaws zoo ntawm bitcoin thiab ethereum. Yog li, lub xob Network technology yuav muab siv nyob rau hauv lub tshiab network rau nqa tawm micropayments thiab cov tshiab DPOS (Ntawv pov thawj ntawm cai Ceg Txheem Ntseeg) mechanism yuav tsum muaj ntaub ntawv rau kev pom zoo. Yuav kom nce lub tsev mus 2 MB, uas yuav ua rau kom lw ceev thiab nws yuav tsum hais tias lub network yuav txhawb ntse ntawv cog lus. Lub network kuj yuav muaj ib tug muaj zog ceev ntawm tshiab block creation uas yuav coj mus rau 3 vib nas this. Thaum hardfork tsis txhawb SegWit, nws muab kev tiv thaiv los ntawm rov muas. Txawm li cas los, nws muaj nqis ntsoov teev tias txawm lub nce community launch hnub, lub project muaj tseem yuav teev ib tug ua hauj lwm lub website.

Bitcoin Zoo hardfork, pib los ntawm Suav cryptocurrency investor Chandler Guo, yog tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub thaiv 501,225, rau 25 Hlis ntuj nqeg. Cov businessman hais tias pre-tsuas yuav tsis tshwm sim, thaum lub sij hawm emission ntim npaum li cas los 21 lab VAJTSWV. Ob peb Tshuag exchanges twb paub tseeb hais tias hais tias lawv yuav ua hauj lwm nrog tus tshiab cryptocurrency, uas yuav tsum tau ntse nruab siab mus Bitcoin tuav tseg ntawm ib qho ratio ntawm ib tug rau ib.

Bitcoin Platinum twb hais raws li ib tug Bitcoin network hardfork, uas yuav tsum tshwm sim nyob rau hauv lub thaiv 498,577 thiab tsim ib tug tshiab cryptocurrency. Txawm li cas los, raws li Cointelegraph qhia, lub hardfork yog ib tug kws txuj ci dag tsim los ntawm ib tug tub hluas los ntawm South Kauslim, thiab lub txiaj nws tus kheej yog ib tug tag nrho daim ntawv ntawm lub Bitcoin Nyiaj code.

Kws muaj txuj kev xav

Co-founder ntawm ZenCash, Rob Viglione ntseeg hais tias lub tib rab diav rawg yog cov txaus kauj ruam ntawm txoj kev loj hlob blockchain:

Qhib-qhov chaw ecosystems yog tsim los evolve, seb uas yog los ntawm nyob rau hauv-project txhim kho los yog tib rab diav rawg nyob rau hauv uas tag nrho cov code puag mus nyob rau hauv ib tug incompatible kev taw qhia. Evolution yog ib tug sw txheej txheem, li ntawd nws tsis yeej ib txwm tig tawm zoo, tab sis tej zaum kuj hais tias yog tib txoj kev kom muaj loj breakthroughs.

Cov kev tsim tawm ntawm blockchain nyob rau hauv Sweetbridge, Bob Summerville ntseeg hais tias lub tib rab diav rawg muaj zoo vim hais tias lawv tso cai rau cov neeg los txiav txim yuav ua li cas lub network yuav tsum tsim:

Muaj xyoo ntawm kev ntshai, uncertainty, thiab tsis ntseeg nyob rau hauv lub Bitcoin zej zog txog cov kev uas yuav nyuab tib rab diav rawg. Nws yog khees rau kuv hais tias feem ntau ntawm uas suab nrov tau los ntawm pawg neeg uas nyiam quab yuam thiab censorship tshaj free ciaj uas muag thiab txoj cai rau secede.

Muaj tsis muaj ib yam raws li ib tug 'phem diav rawg.' Koj tsis tas yuav ciali ib pab neeg los yog lwm cov. Kws thiab kev sib tw yog zoo. Cia kev ua lag luam kev txiav txim siab thiab koom qhov twg koj pom tus nqi.

Kuv zoo tshaj plaws kev kawm txawj kawm los ntawm cov ETH / ETC cais yog tias haiv neeg tsawg chains yog zaum. Yog hais tias ib tug crypto zej zog muaj irreconcilable sib txawv, ces koj yuav mus koj nyias muaj nyias txoj, thiab hais tias yog cia li zoo. Koj yuav tau txais ib tug sib nrauj thiab ob tsiv mus nyob nrog koj lub neej, es nyob ua ke nyob rau hauv kev nyuaj siab ploj mus ib txhis, lossi arguing. "

Tab sis cov thawj coj ntawm LOOMIA, Xa-u Lederer muaj ib tug kiag li opposite taw tes ntawm view:

"Saturating cov kev ua lag luam nrog txawv versions ntawm Bitcoin yog ruam tag rau cov neeg siv thiab discredits cov ntaubntawv hais tias muaj yog ib tug tsawg tus naj npawb ntawm Bitcoins-vim koj yeej ib txwm rawg nws thiab ob npaug rau mov,"Sau ntawv Lederer. "Yuav ua li cas yog tsaug puab yog hais tias cov spin-offs tuaj los ntawm ib tug kuj me squabble nyob rau hauv lub Bitcoin zej zog yuav ua li cas rau lis lub thaiv loj txwv. Es tsis txhob tuaj rau ib tug daim ntawv cog lus, lub zej zog, developers, thiab code yog fracturing rau hauv nyias pawg. "

 

bitcoin hardforks

 


Bitcoin Hardforks


 

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