Al'amurra na Mining a 2018

Tare da hankali ga cryptocurrency girma, da bukatar hakan ma'adinai kayan aiki ya karu da. A 'yan shekaru da suka wuce duk wanda ya samun isasshen iko kwamfuta iya zama wani mai hakar gwal, yayin da fiye da shekara da ta gabata lamarin ya canza cin zarafi da kuma na baya hanyoyin hakar ma'adinai sun riga ya zama m. Mun annabta abin da hakar ma'adinai trends zai zama mafi mashahuri a cikin 2018.

Al'amurra na Mining a 2018

Graphics katunan don hakar ma'adinai

Yau quite tsada kayan aiki da ake bukata don hakar ma'adinai, musamman, graphics katunan. Last Yuni Sin online ciniki dandali AliExpress ruwaito cewa masu amfani da fara duba more rayayye don takamaiman model na graphics katunan da aka fi dace domin samar da karafa gonaki. The rare model tsakanin Rasha hakar gwal ne NVDIA graphics katunan-GeForce GTX 1060 kuma GTX 1070, kazalika da Radeon RX480, kerarre da Advanced Micro na'urorin (AMD).

Tare da wadannan model zama m ba kawai daga Rasha Miners, da shekara alama da AMD ta hannun jari tashin 64%, yayin da darajar NVDIA Corporation Securities tsiwirwirinsu kusan 88% tun farkon 2017. Masana sun ce wannan ci gaban da aka dangana wa wani ƙara yawan hakar gwal daga cikin Ethereum cibiyar sadarwa da kuma sauran m cryptocurrencies. NVDIA buga data cewa misalta 6.7% na kudaden shiga ga na biyu da kwata na 2017 An samu daga graphics katunan tallace-tallace, wanda aka yi amfani da Hikimar hako ma'adinai. Wannan shi ne dalilin da ya sa wadannan biyu da kamfanoni da Asus kamfanin riga ka fara fitowa musamman graphics katunan tsara don cryptocurrency hako ma'adinai. Har ila yau,, ta ƙarshe lokacin rani mu san cewa AMD aka aiki a kan 7nm 48 core processor kira Starship cewa za a saki a 2018.

masana, duk da haka, ka yi gargaɗi da hakar ma'adinai kayan aiki masana'antun cewa bukatar su kayayyakin da yake faruwa a ji ƙyama. A cewar Joseph Moore, wani masani a American banki rike da kamfanin Morgan Stanley, hako ma'adinai na iya zama wani tattalin arziki marasa amfani baki ɗaya aiki a 2018.

“Mun yi imani cewa total graphics tallace-tallace don ethereum hakar ma'adinai a 2017 zai zama $800 miliyan ko haka, kuma za ki karbar ta 50% a shekara ta 2018.”

A Moore ta ra'ayi, na farko dalilin wannan downturn ne habarta ƙi a cikin sauran block lada a kan ethereum cibiyar sadarwa daga 5 Et zuwa 3 Et. Na biyu shi ne miƙa daga Hujja na Work (PoW) to Hujja na kan gungumen azaba (POS) idan maimakon hakan ma'adinai ikon, yiwuwar samar da wani block da kuma karbar hade lada ne na gwargwado ga wani mai amfani da ikon mallakar kan gungumen azaba a cikin tsarin. Harbhajan Rakesh, wani mai sharhi na Japan zuba jari banki Mizuho, da aka ambata a wannan hali ma. Shi ne tabbatar da cewa, a farkon rabin 2018, graphics katunan ba zai zama da ake bukata domin cryptocurrency karafa kamar ether hako ma'adinai.

“Mun yi imani cewa ethereum dubi su matsa zuwa wani daban-daban biya tabbaci tsarin a cikin watanni shida na gaba, daga Hujja-na-Work tare da yin amfani da graphics katunan Hujja-na-gungumen azaba inda graphics katunan ne ba da ake bukata.”

The aikin na gyaggyarawa yarjejeniya yarjejeniya na Ethereum cibiyar sadarwa da aka kira Casper. Yana nuna cewa musamman kwamfuta kayan aiki ba a bukata babu kuma don ƙirƙirar sabuwar block; maimakon, masu amfani da za su iya samar da nasu kudi da za a daskarewa a yayin da, kuma a sama, sunã da damar shiga cikin ma'amaloli tabbatarwa. Kamar wancan, Casper zai haifar da wani tsarin da zai iya tsayayya da hakar ma'adinai karkashin shugabancin tsakiya. Da zarar na gaba cokali mai yatsu Konstantinoful, wanda na iya faruwa a farkon 2018, daukan wuri, da Ethereum cibiyar sadarwa ta karshe za a kunna.

Duk da yuwuwar sauya a cikin yarjejeniya yarjejeniya da Ethereum cibiyar sadarwa, da shugaban NVDIA, Juan Zhjensjun, ne tabbatar da cewa kudaden shiga sanya daga GPU (graphics aiki naúrar) tallace-tallace ga Hikimar hako ma'adinai zai zama, kunã riyãwa cryptocurrencies da blockchain ne “a nan zauna.”

“Wannan shi ne wani kasuwar cewa ba wata ila don tafi wani lokaci nan, da kawai abu da za mu iya yiwuwa sa ran shi ne cewa za a yi karin ago zuwa zo. Yana zai zo a dukan yawa daban-daban al'ummai. Yana fitowa daga lokaci zuwa lokaci, da GPU ne da gaske quite mai girma a gare shi.”

ASIC-Miners

ASIC (Aikace-aikace-Specific Hadakar Circuit) da ta wanzu a cikin nau'i na kwakwalwan kwamfuta da aka halitta tasiri hakar ma'adinai, kazalika. ASICs ana amfani da wani takamaiman na'urar da gudanar da tsananin iyakance ayyuka, abin da ya sa kisan wadannan ayyuka mai rahusa da kuma sauri. A kwakwalwan kwamfuta ne mafi iko da kuma cinyewa yawa ƙasa da makamashi; su ne sau da yawa fiye da riba fiye da graphics katunan. Haka kuma, hako ma'adinai gonaki na bukatar karin lokaci don ciyar a kan taron, kuma ƙarshe, yayin da ASIC-Miners da kake dukkan saita.

Wannan shekara an bayyana cewa kamfanonin, kamar Samsung, Intel, TSMC, da kuma Global Foundries, aka tasowa 7nm kwakwalwan kwamfuta for ASIC hako ma'adinai. Kwakwalwan kwamfuta samarwa da aka shirya a karo na farko kwata na 2018. Sunã da ingantattun makamashi yadda ya dace idan aka kwatanta da baya 14nm kwakwalwan kwamfuta.

Japan Internet giant GMO shirin kaddamar da wani sabon ASIC-hakar gwal cewa za a dogara ne a kan 7nm kwakwalwan kwamfuta. Mass kwakwalwan kwamfuta samar da wannan fasaha da aka shirya domin May 2018. Next shekara GMO zai kaddamar ICO sayar gaba-tsara hakar ma'adinai allon. Da suke fitowa Alamu matsayin hanyar saya gaba-tsara hakar ma'adinai allon. Bayan, kamfanin shirin gina hakar ma'adinai cibiyar a arewacin Turai:

“Za mu yi aiki a gaba-tsara hakar ma'adinai cibiyar amfani sabunta makamashi da kuma yankan-baki semiconductor kwakwalwan kwamfuta, a arewacin Turai. Za mu yi amfani da yankan-baki 7nm aiwatar da fasaha domin kwakwalwan kwamfuta da za a yi amfani da karafa tsari, da kuma a hade ta yi aiki a bincike da ci gaban da kuma masana'antu da mu alliance abokin ciwon semiconductor zane da fasaha.”

karshe Satumba, Rasha hakar gwal tsabar kudin (RMC) gudanar ICO su goyi bayan samar da wani sabon hakar gwal Fitowar tare da Bitfury kwakwalwan kwamfuta da ci gaba da wani sabon hakar gwal Multiclet da wannan guntu. A ICO tattara $43.2 miliyan. RMC shafi 15 kasuwa da 'cryptocurrency gwagwarmaya da kuma haɗa kan bangaskiya kamfanoni hudu, ciki har da MultiClet, SMARTHEAT, Goodwin, kuma RadiusGroup. Kamfanin ya fara hakar gwal Fitowar samarwa da kuma, da na gaba bazara, ya yi niyyar ci gaba a gaba-tsara processor Multiclet, wanda zai zama 35 sau ya fi dacewa ga hakar ma'adinai.

Cloud hako ma'adinai

Ya tabbata cewa, iko da kuma tsada kayan aiki, wanda aka musamman makamashi cinyewa ma, ake bukata domin nasara hako ma'adinai. Wannan shi ne dalilin da ya sa kamfanonin sun ci gaba da madadin irin hako ma'adinai, kira girgijen hako ma'adinai. Kamfanoni da iko data cibiyoyin samar da kayan aiki, da kuma haya su albarkatun zuwa karshe mabukaci. Da zarar kwangila da aka kammala da sabis da ake biya, kamfanoni, irin su Hashflare, Farawa Mining da kuma IQMining samar da damar yin hakan ma'adinai da dama cryptocurrencies.

Wadannan ayyuka su ne riga yayi. Babu dalilin yi imani da cewa wannan Trend zai rage gudu a 2018, kamar yadda girgije karafa ne wani araha, m, kuma m hanya don samun cryptocurrency, cewa ba ya bukatar wani tsada kayan aiki. Akwai wasu yiwu drawbacks. Da mai sayarwa na girgije hakar ma'adinai kwangila na iya zama m; wani site da cewa samar da irin wannan sabis zai iya zama m to shiga ba tare da izini ba harin; masu amfani da wani iko a kan hukumar fee suka sami don hakar ma'adinai; haka ma, unplanned asarar iya tilasta data cibiyar biya mayar da kasa ta zuwa ga masu amfani a karkashin wadannan kwangiloli.

Mining Tax

a halin yanzu, babu dokokin ake gudanarwa da karafa aiki a Rasha da kuma sauran kasashe ko dai. The shugaban kasar Rasha umurnin, duk da haka, ya ce gwamnatin da Central Bank zai yi tsayar da haraji da rajista domin hakan ma'adinai kamfanonin na gaba bazara. Wannan shirin zai zato koma zuwa biyu da kamfanoni da masu zaman kansu Miners.

a watan Disamba,, Kwamishinan karkashin shugaban kasar na Rasha Federation a kan kariya daga hakkokin yan kasuwa, Boris Titov, samarwa don gabatar da wani haraji a kan Hikimar hakar ma'adinai a cikin kudi na 14%.

Al'amurra na Mining a 2018