Bitcoin Hardforks abin da yake da shi?

Mene ne cokali mai yatsu?

A Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa ta tafi, ta hanyar da yawa daga cokula masu yatsotsi tun zuwan wannan cryptocurrency a 2008. Wadannan cokula masu yatsotsi aka kamata su taimaka developers warware matsaloli kamar scalability, low damar TPS (ma'amala da biyu), iyakance block size, da kuma a general zuwa sauƙaƙe Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa obalodi. Tare da bitcoin kasancewa wani bude tushen software, wani mai amfani a kan hanyar sadarwa iya kwafa, gyaggyara, da kuma gabatar da nasu dokoki a cikin code. Kamar wancan, wani mai amfani iya haifar da sabon ladabi da sarƙoƙi da cewa an dauke su cokula masu yatsotsi, wato taushi ko hardforks na cibiyar sadarwa.

Softfork ne reversible canji a cikin blockchain yarjejeniya da cewa ba ya hana nodes na wani sabon sarkar daga sadarwa tare da nodes na haihuwa sarkar. A mafi kyau softfork misali ne nuna wa mata banbanci shaida ko SegWit. Cibiyar sadarwa da masu amfani sun kunna wannan softfork a watan Agusta domin inganta tsarin block ma'amaloli haka, cewa za su zauna kasa ƙwaƙwalwar sarari. A softfork yarda for tubalan rike ƙarin bayani ba tare da canza aiki na cibiyar sadarwa Bitcoin.

Hardfork ne wani sabon cibiyar sadarwa sarkar cewa an kafa a lokacin da sabon tsarin zama m tare da tsohon blockchain yarjejeniya. A wannan yanayin, nodes na sabon da kuma tsohon networks ba za su iya “sadarwa,” tun hardfork yakan haifar da canza yarjejeniya inji kanta. Da taimakon hardforks, cibiyar sadarwa da masu amfani kokarin warware key matsaloli na Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa kamar low cibiyar sadarwa bandwidth da damar aiwatar har zuwa bakwai ma'amaloli da na biyu da kuma iyakance block size cewa, bisa ga da yawa, Ya kamata rike da fiye da 1 MB na data. Hardforks ma da damar masu amfani don ƙirƙirar sabon cryptocurrencies, a matsayin zabi ga bitcoin.

Past hardforks sakamakon
2015-2016

Bitcoin XT ne na farko Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa hardfork, wanda aka gudanar a watan Agusta na 2015. A hardfork, wanda dogara ne a kan tushen code na Bitcoin Core, ya kamata ya kara da block size zuwa 8 MB, game da shi kara da cibiyar sadarwa bandwidth har zuwa 24 ma'amaloli da biyu, amma cryptocurrency bai sami zama dole goyon baya daga karafa al'umma. Don yi Bitcoin XT shi ake bukata 75% dukkan Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa hakar gwal a shigar da sabon hanyar sadarwa, amma kawai 12% na su goyon bayan hardfork. A wannan batun, daya daga cikin manyan developers Mike Hearn sayar da cryptocurrencies kuma bar aikin in 2016. Saboda, kawai 20 nodes aka bar daga asali 4,000 raka'a, wanda ya yi cibiyar sadarwa samuwa a wannan lokacin.

Bitcoin Unlimited hardfork aka kaddamar canza block size a watan Mayu 2016, a lokacin da mahaka ma'adinai da aka samarwa a zabi size of nan gaba cibiyar sadarwa block. A cewar Miners, fadada girman da block zai ba kawai kawar da jerin gwano amma kuma inganta su riba ta kara jimlar hukumar kudade a cikin block. Amma hardforks sukar, wanda mafi yawansu sun developers, lura cewa, wannan dabarar kan iya kara da yiwuwar cewa manyan Karkasa tafkunansu hakar gwal zai fara sarrafa cibiyar sadarwa ci gaba.

Wannan na nufi cewa hakar gwal da iyaka hardware damar ba za su iya shiga yadda ya kamata a ci gaba da cibiyar sadarwa da kuma a cikin dogon gudu zai iya gaba daya share. Kamar wancan, da cibiyar sadarwa zai zama Karkasa a dama waha. Masana sun kuma sami dama kwari a Bitcoin Unlimited software, wanda farko a watan Afrilu, a watan Mayu na wannan shekara ya kai ga lalacewar 70% na nodes a cikin cibiyar sadarwa, sa'an nan haifar Hikimar al'umma dõgara ga wadannan cokula masu yatsotsi.

Bitcoin Classic aikin da aka kaddamar don magance Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa scalability matsaloli, wanda ba a warware ta Bitcoin XT hardfork. Manufar aikin ya kara da block size zuwa 2 MB sa'an nan zuwa 4 MB. Amma wannan hardfork bai sami zama dole goyon bayan Hikimar al'umma. A farkon sosai fiye da 2,000 nodes dauki bangare a cikin aikin,” amma da lambar ragu zuwa 100 da 2017. A watan Nuwamba, an sanar da cewa aikin da aka rufe saukar bayan SegWit2X aka soke da kuma Developers na aikin ya fito fili ya goyan bayan Bitcoin Cash, sabon cryptocurrency.

2017

Bitcoin Cash ne mai yiwuwa cikin shahararrun da kuma nasara Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa hardfork. A sakamakon wata tilasta hardfork yarjejeniya, Bitcoin Cash bayyana a cikin block 478,558 a kan 1 Agusta. Kamar yadda wani ɓangare na cokali mai yatsu, block size karu daga 1 MB to 8 MB, kuma wannan, bi da bi, ya karu da cibiyar sadarwa iya aiki da kuma rage ma'amala kudade. bayan hardfork, Bitcoin da kambun da wani daidai adadin Bitcoin Cash a su e-wallets. A sabon cibiyar sadarwa ta bayar da wani inji cewa kare daga lokaci guda ma'amaloli a biyu blockchains. yau, 13 Disamba, Bitcoin Cash musayar kudi ne $1,616.84 kuma a halin yanzu sanya uku da cryptomarket capitalization.

Bitcoin Gold cryptocurrency bayyana a 24th of Oktoba a sakamakon hardfork a kan block 491,407 za'ayi da ma'adinai m Walƙiya ASIC a Hong Kong. Manufar na aikin shi ne ya zama mafi m kudin ga wadanda ba sana'a hakar gwal fiye da asali bitcoin. A wannan batun, a mafi yawan cibiyar sadarwa masu amfani da za su iya a gare ni Bitcoin Gold da cryptocurrency taken shi ne “sa bitcoin rarraba sake.” Maimakon tsohon Hujja-na-Work yarjejeniya hardfork initiators amfani da sabon daya, Equihash. Wannan algorithm ne mafi kula da size da bazuwar damar ƙwaƙwalwar (RAM) kuma ana amfani da lokacin Mining cryptocurrency Zcash. yau, 13 Disamba, Bitcoin Gold musayar kudi ne $276.88 da kuma kasuwar capitalization ne fiye da $4.5 biliyan.

Bitcoin Diamond ne hardfork, wanda ya faru a karshen Nuwamba a kan block 495,866. Bitcoin Diamond hakar gwal haifar da tubalan a kan wani sabon algorithm hujja na aikin (PoW). Har ila yau,, wannan cryptocurrency ya bambanta daga mai farko daya da goma sau kara a juz'i na watsi da block size of 8 MB. Developers yi imani da cewa wannan hardfork ne aka yi nufi ga warware irin wannan matsaloli kamar rashin sirri kariya, m ma'amala tabbatarwa, da kuma babban bakin kofa ga sabon mahalarta da su shiga cikin cibiyar sadarwa. Don ƙirƙirar Bitcoin Diamond hakar ma'adinai cibiyar sadarwa, e-walat, nodes code, kuma API, kazalika don ƙara bude tushen code a kan GitHub aka shirya da ƙarshen shekara.

Super Bitcoin, wani sabon cryptocurrency, bayyana a 12 Disamba, a matsayin sakamakon da rabo a cikin Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa a kan block 498,888. The Super Bitcoin taken shi ne “sa Bitcoin girma sake.” Abin lura shi ne cewa maimakon gargajiya ICO wannan dandali yana amfani da wani sabon Hanyar jawo zuba jari, kira Harufan cokali mai yatsu Layya (Ifo). A hardfork samar da naúrar kara zuwa 8 MB. A cibiyar sadarwa yana amfani da wani fasahar Walƙiya Network cewa zai ba da damar gudanar da wani Unlimited yawan micropayments. Haka kuma, Super Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa yana gudu mai kaifin kwangila. Developers rubutu, duk da haka, cewa cokali mai yatsu ne aka yi nufi ga yi cikin Hikimar al'umma zũciyõyinsu, kuma shi ne wajen wani gwaji.

Future

Walƙiya Bitcoin - da cibiyar sadarwa division zai mai yiwuwa faru 23rd na Disamba a kan block 499,999. A developers na sabon cibiyar sadarwa son hada da mafi kyau halaye na bitcoin da ethereum. Kamar wancan, da Walƙiya Network fasahar ma za a yi amfani da sabon cibiyar sadarwa don dauke da fitar micropayments da sabon DPOS (Hujja na wakilai gungumen azaba) inji Za a yi amfani domin yarjejeniya. Don kara naúrar har zuwa 2 MB, wadda za ta kara ma'amala gudun da shi ana sa ran cewa cibiyar sadarwa zai taimaka wa mai kaifin kwangila. A cibiyar sadarwa zai ma da wani ƙara gudun sabon block halittar wanda zai kai har zuwa 3 seconds. Duk da yake hardfork ba ya goyon bayan SegWit, shi na samar da kariya daga maimaita ma'amaloli. Duk da haka, shi ne ya kamata a lura da cewa duk da gabatowa jefa kwanan wata, da aikin da har yanzu ya kafa wani aiki yanar.

Bitcoin Good hardfork, qaddamar da kasar Sin cryptocurrency jari Chandler Guo, ne ya faru a kan block 501,225, a kan 25 Disamba. A kasuwa ce da pre-hako ma'adinai zai ba faruwa, yayin da watsi girma zai adadin zuwa 21 miliyan ALLAH. Da dama stock musayar riga ya tabbatar da cewa za su yi aiki tare da sabon cryptocurrency, wanda za a ƙãra zuwa Bitcoin da kambun a wani rabo daga daya zuwa daya.

Bitcoin Platinum da aka gabatar a matsayin wani Bitcoin cibiyar sadarwa hardfork, wanda ya kamata ya faru a kan block 498,577 da kuma haifar da wani sabon cryptocurrency. Duk da haka, kamar yadda Cointelegraph rahoton, da hardfork ne mai zamba halitta da wani saurayi daga Koriya ta Kudu, da kuma kudin da kanta ne a cika kofen da Bitcoin Cash code.

gwani, ra'ayin da aka

Co-kafa ZenCash, Rob Viglione yi imanin cewa, cokula masu yatsotsi ne isasshen mataki na blockchain ci gaba:

Open-source kunsa an tsara su don cigaban halitta, ko shi ke ta a-aikin inganta ko cokula masu yatsotsi, a cikinsa dukan code tushe fada a wani m shugabanci. Juyin Halitta ne m tsari, don haka ba ya ko da yaushe juya fitar da kyau, amma wani lokacin shi ke kadai hanya zuwa da babban cimma gaci.

A manyan developer na blockchain a Sweetbridge, Bob Summerville yi imanin cewa, cokula masu yatsotsi ne mai kyau, saboda sun ba da damar mambobi don yanke shawarar yadda cibiyar sadarwa kamata ci gaba:

Akwai sun kasance shekaru daga tsõro, rashin tabbas, da shakka a cikin Bitcoin al'umma game da Hadarin na tukuru cokula masu yatsotsi. Yana da ya bayyana a gare ni cewa mafi yawan abin amo an fito daga kungiyoyin cewa so kama-karya da kuma yin katsalandan a kan free kasuwanni da hakkin ya balle.

Akwai babu irin wannan abu a matsayin 'bad cokali mai yatsu.' Ba ka da zuwa gaisuwa daya tawagar ko sauran. Experimentation da gasar ne mai kyau. Bari kasuwa shirya da kuma shiga inda za ka ga darajar.

My mafi muhimmanci da koyo da kwarewa daga Eth / sauransu tsaga shi ne cewa 'yan tsirarun sarƙoƙi ne mai yiwuwa. Idan wani Hikimar al'umma yana irreconcilable bambance-bambance, sa'an nan za ka iya je ka raba hanyoyi, da kuma cewa shi ne kawai lafiya. Za ka samu wani saki, kuma duka biyu motsa a kan tare da rãyukanku, maimakon zaman tare cikin zullumi har abada, kullum jayayya. "

Amma Darektan LOOMIA, Saul Lederer yana da wata gaba daya m ra'ayi:

"Saturating kasuwa tare da daban-daban versions na Bitcoin ne m ga masu amfani da kuma discredits da da'awar cewa akwai wata iyaka adadin Bitcoins-tun da za ka iya ko da yaushe cokali mai yatsu shi da ninki biyu na samar da,"Notes Lederer. "Abin da ke warai troublesome ne cewa wadannan juya-offs Zuriyar a gwada qananan squabble a Bitcoin al'umma a kan yadda za a rike da block size iyaka. Maimakon zuwa ga wata yarjejeniya, da al'umma, developers, da code ake karaya a cikin daban-daban kungiyoyin. "

 

bitcoin hardforks

 


Bitcoin Hardforks


 

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